Distribution and habitat
L. camara is naturalised in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region, Australia, New Zealand, Central and South America, West Indies and Africa.
Flowering and fruiting habits
It is a short vigorous shrub growing up to 2-4 meters in height. Leaves are ovate, 2-10cm long, 2-6cm wide, alternate, bright green, rough, hairy. The stems in cultivated species is non-thorny and in weedy varieties, with prickles. Lantana can climb to 15 m with support. Flower heads contain 20-40 flowers, usually 2.5 cm across, colours vary between white, orange, pink purple and red. Fruit is greenish blue-black, 5-7mm in diameter, shiny with 2 nutlets.
Uses other than pesticidal
Medicinal – Herbal medicines with antimicrobial, fungicidal, insecticidal and nematicidal properties.
Fuel- firewood for cooking.
Food for birds – Many birds including endangered ones feed on lantana thickets. Butterflies and moths also feed on it.
Ornamental- It is popular as ornamental plants in pots or as hedges rendering favourable trade.
Propagation and cultivation
Highly invasive and damaging to local habitats; not to be cultivated or propagated. Simply collect from abundant existing sources.
Seed collection & Storage
Highly invasive and damaging to local habitats; not to be cultivated or propagated.
Dry and grind
Often layered whole plants in storage, occasional stirring to release volatile compounds
Can be used both pre and post-harvest.
Against broad range of insects
Mosquito and fly repellent